Did you know that 26 January is actually our INDEPENDENCE DAY?! Yes, on 26 Jan 1930 the whole nation had celebrated and observed the day as Independence Day, after the decision of ‘Poorna Swaraj/ Complete Independence’ was adopted by the Indian National Congress, against the British rule. Years later when the actual day of independence was attained on 15 August 1947, the nation decided to commemorate the ‘old independence day’ by means of a ‘Republic Day’. Hence even though the Indian Constitution was ready for adoption by 26 Nov 1949, it was waited for 2 months, before its official adoption on 26 Jan 1950, to give the historic date its due.
The final draft of the Indian Constitution was completed on 26 November 1949 after almost 2 years, 11 months and 17 days of work. It was legally enforced on 26 January 1950, the day that we celebrate as Republic Day ever since.
Here are 10 facts that you probably didn’t know about the Indian Constitution.
- The original drafts of the Indian Constitution were written in Hindi and English. Every individual from the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution, signed two copies of the constitution, one in Hindi and the other in English.
- There are an aggregate of 117,369 words in the English version of the Constitution of India which contains 444 articles in 22 sections, 12 timetables and 115 changes.
- The Indian Constitution is the longest of any sovereign nation in the world. In its present structure, it has a Preamble, 22 sections with 448 articles, 12 timetables, 5 informative supplements and 115 corrections.
- The first Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a streaming italic style with excellent calligraphy. The Constitution was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by the Survey of India.
- The first Constitution was handwritten, with each page exceptionally enlivened by specialists from Shantiniketan including Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose.
- The first copies of the Indian Constitution, written in Hindi and English, are kept in exceptional helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
- On 24 January 1950, 284 individuals from the Constituent Assembly signed the Indian Constitution at the Constitution Hall, presently known as the Central Hall of Parliament, in New Delhi.
- The Indian Constitution is frequently called a ‘bag of borrowings‘. It is called so in light of the fact that it has acquired provisions from the constitutions of different nations. It is a concept of borrowed principles.
- Amended 94 times in the initial 62 years, the Constitution of India has stood the trial of time. As of January 2019, there have been 103 amendments to the Constitution of India since it was first instituted in 1950. The provision of amendments to the constitution gives it the status of a ‘LIVING DOCUMENT’, it changes and grows with time.
- The National Emblem was embraced on 26 January 1950 – the day India was announced a republic with its Constitution becoming effective. A portrayal of Lion Capital of Ashoka was at first embraced as the National Emblem of India in December 1947. The current adaptation of the symbol was formally embraced on 26 January 1950, the day India turned into a republic.
And finally to enlighten everyone with the correct definition of the word Republic- ‘a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch’. So the power rests with WE THE PEOPLE!